Abdul Fatah Saeed Hussein Khalil al-Sisi (Arabic: عبد الفتاح سعيد حسين خليل السيسي, IPA: [ʕæbdel.fætˈtæːħ sæˈʕiːd ħeˈseːn xæˈliːl esˈsiːsi]; more commonly known as General Sisi, born 19 November 1954) is an Egyptian Colonel General and the current Supreme Commander of the Egyptian Armed Forces since leading the 2013 Egyptian coup d’état against President Mohamed Morsi on 3 July 2013. He has been the Commander-in-Chief of the Egyptian Armed Forces since 12 August 2012. He also serves as the Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces and Minister of Defense and Military Production.
Early life and military education
Al-Sisi was born in Cairo on 19 November 1954. He graduated from the Egyptian Military Academy in 1977. He attended the following courses:
General Command and Staff Course, Egyptian Command and Staff College, 1987
General Command and Staff Course, Joint Command and Staff College, United Kingdom, 1992
War Course, Fellowship of the Higher War College, Nasser’s Military Sciences Academy, Egypt, 2003
War Course, US Army War College, United States, 2006
Al-Sisi received his commission as a military officer in 1977 serving in the mechanized infantry, specializing in anti-tank warfare and mortar warfare. He became Commander of the Northern Military Region-Alexandria in 2008 and then Director of Military Intelligence and Reconnaissance. Al-Sisi was the youngest member of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces of Egypt. On 12 August 2012, Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi took a decision to replace Mohamed Hussein Tantawi; the head of the Egyptian armed forces, by Al-Sisi. Al-Sisi also took the post of Minister of Defense and Military Production in the Qandil Cabinet.
On 1 July 2013, the Egyptian army delivered an ultimatum that required Mohamed Morsi to resolve the political crisis in 48 hours. On 3 July 2013, having failed to meet the deadline, Egypt’s armed forces overthrew Morsi, installing Adly Mansour as the interim head of state in his place, and ordering the arrest of many members of the Muslim Brotherhood on charges of “inciting violence and disturbing general security and peace.” Al-Sisi announced on television that the president had “failed to meet the demands of the Egyptian people” and declared that the constitution would be suspended.